Science Articles on Photography : 14 Tips For Improving Your Landscape Photos (Part 1)


Science Articles on Photography : 14 Tips For Improving Your Landscape Photos

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14 Tips For Improving Your Landscape Photos

by Yadi Yasin

Maybe these tips are there that seem ancient, oldies and less “revolutionized” but maybe this is the basic tips that can be used all the time, especially for those who want to start explore landscape photography.
From the tips below will also mention some other things, such as the Rule of the Third, Hyperfocal distance, etc. are only briefly described krn could be one topic alone.

Hopefully useful.

1. Maximize Depth of Field (DoF)

An approach to the normal concept of a landscape photography is “sharply from toe to the end of horizon”. The basic concept of the theory of “oldies” This states that a photograph of a landscape should as much as possible all parts of the photo is the focus (sharp). To get the sharpness wide or in other words the field of depth of focus (DOF) which selebar2nya, could use apperture (aperture) is as small as possible (large f number), eg F14, F16, F18, F22, f32, etc..
Of course, with increasingly smaller apperture, meaning the length of exposure.

Because of the limitations of the lens (which is not able to reach f32 and / or f64) or position in the spot where we stand do not support, an approach we can use, namely the theory of hyper-focal, focal plane to obtain the “optimal” in accordance with the scene that we face. The core of the hyper-focal distance is to put the point of focus in the right position to get the field who focus broadest possible so it will be a sharp reply from the FG to the BG.

With a wide DoF, due to the use and application of hyper-f/20 focal distance to determine the focus.

Still with hyperfocal apply to get the DoF heart’s content

2. Use a tripod and cable release

From # 1 above, as a result of the increasingly wide DOF resulting in increasing length of exposure, a tripod for long exposure required to ensure that the resulting image sharp. Cable release will also be very helpful. If the camera has the facility to mirror lock-ups, then the facility could also be used to avoid micro-shake effect at the beginning of Snap mirrors.

3. Find the focal point

Focal point here is not the point where the focus of the camera is placed, but rather a point where the eye will first fixed (eye-contact) while viewing photos.

Almost all of the photos are “good” has a focal point, or point of focus, or more often mistakenly called POI (Point of Interest). Actually just a landscape photography requires a focal point to draw the eye to stop right before the eyes begin to explore the details of a photo. Focal point does not necessarily have to be a POI from a photograph.

A photo without a focal point, will make the eyes “wandering” without stopping, resulting in loss of interest in landscape photographs of obstruction. Such images are often called flat (bland) alone.

Focal points can be a form of buildings (small or unique among the empty plains), tree (stand alone), rock (or set of stones), people or animals, or who contrast with the silhouette of BG, etc.
Laying in which the focal point is also sometimes very influential, here the rules of “oldies” Rule of the Third play.
In the example image below, the focal point is the person who dressed in red umbrella :
Focal point in the example photo below is on the left side of boating :
Focal point is on the sun and its reflections in the fields :
Focal point is a farmer and the buffalo :

4. Look for Foreground (FG)

Foreground could be a focal point becomes even POI (Point of Interest) in your landscape photos.
Therefore look for a strong FG. Sometimes a good FG define “success” or failure of a landscape photo, regardless of however powerful the sky at that time.
An object or pattern in the FG could create a “sense of scale” of our landscape photos.

Anything can be a powerful object in the FG, the boat, the grass to rock & starfish :

5. Select theSky or Land

The sky is cloudy vibrant, especially during sunset or sunrise, will make us interesting pictures, but we still have to choose whether we will make our picture consists mostly of the sky with the horizon lay a little below, or most of the mainland with putting a little on the upper horizon .

How good was the land and sky that we meet / encounter when taking pictures, split two equal parts between the dramatic sky and the land / FG would make an interesting photograph of a landscape becomes focus, krn both sections equally good.

Composition by using the principle of “oldies” Rule of the Third would be very helpful. Put the horizon line, in 1 / 3 the top if we want to emphasize (emphasize) its FG, or place the horizon at 1 / 3 bottom, if we want to emphasize the sky.

Of course the law “Rule of Third” can be violated, if the offense actually strengthens the focal point and not vice versa. Also not always dead center is bad.

Violations “Rule of Third” which lay far below the horizon, but instead strengthen the focal point :

Violation of Rule of Third is split in two, as between heaven and earth :

Photo on the left side: Is this included in the Rule of the Third … because of three elements, earth, mountains and sky, or just divide the two equal parts two equal parts that are considered only the earth and BG (mountains + sky)?

Photo on the right side: Whether it came under the Rule of the Third … because there is shooting angle and composition are positioned horizontally across the stone from the top left to bottom right edge?

As mentioned above, the rule is sometimes made ​​to be broken. All is fine, as long as we aim to get a focal point is reached.

6. Look for  Lines / Pattern

A line or pattern can make / become focal which will lead the eye to further explore your landscape photos. Sometimes leading lines or patterns that can even be a POI from the photo.
Lines, can also provide a sense of scale or the image depth (depth of field).
Line or pattern can be anything, a row of trees, shadow, line the road, ladder, lake / sea, etc..

Only by frequent hunting trips or photo, we’ll get used to see the lines? Shape and pattern that is sometimes obscured or blend in with nature or the environment. Angle and composition can strengthen a leading lines or shapes that exist.
Photo on the left side:   lines
Photo on the right side : pattern

Lines and Shape :


7. Capture Moment and Movement

A photograph of the type Landcsape not mean we only catch (capture) the heavens, the earth or the mountain, but all the elements of nature, be it stationary or moving like a waterfall, streams, pohon2 moving, the movement of clouds, etc., can make a photograph of a landscape that interesting.

A  landscape photograph do not have to portray a vast landscape, covering an extent, but a detailed isolation, either static or who object to dynamically move, it could become a subject of a photograph of a landscape. For that see # 13.

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